Macronutrients

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Macronutrients

Picture provided by: https://www.kirbyhealth.org/about/news/2017/february/macronutrient-dieting/

Picture provided by: https://www.kirbyhealth.org/about/news/2017/february/macronutrient-dieting/

Picture provided by: https://www.kirbyhealth.org/about/news/2017/february/macronutrient-dieting/

Joshua Hardy, Reporter

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With summer quickly approaching, the main thing on most teenagers minds is their physique.

It takes months of training and dieting to get the ideal body one is looking for, but those months do not have to be difficult. With the right knowledge, getting into shape can be a piece of cake.

The basic fundamentals of getting the desired body type lies in what teens eat. Depending on what they are looking for, bulking or cutting, their goal will gravitate around a set amount of calories per day.

For bulking — putting on muscle mass with as little fat as possible — most teens are going to want to have a surplus of calories. The reason most people bulk is to pack on more muscle mass; however, with the surplus of calories that are taken in, gaining fat along with muscle is inevitable. While bulking, people can be more loose with eating habits. Just remember, the more junk put in, the more fat that accumulates.

Bulking and cutting are complete opposites. Essentially, a cut is exactly what it sounds like — a cut in calories to lose weight. During a cut it is best to keep track of the calories and macros that are taken in, this way the results appear quickly.

Take a step back to that weird term, macros. Commonly known as macronutrients, these are the basic blocks of calories. When calories are broken down they separate into three groups: fats, carbohydrates, and proteins.

The way macros work are pretty simple. The human body needs a certain amount of each macro to function and provide it energy. The rule of thumb for the amount of calories that each macro is, goes as follows: four calories per one gram of carbs, four calories per one gram of fat, and nine calories per one gram of protein. By monitoring daily macronutrient intake, controlling body weight becomes easy.

It might seem difficult to incorporate macro tracking into daily life, however, it really is not. Thankfully, foods today are conveniently labeled and contain all the nutritional knowledge that could be asked for. Figuring up the numbers of a daily calorie intake is as simple as crunching numbers.

Basic calorie needs differ based on various things. Calorie expenditure, gender, and even age can all impact the amount of calories needed every day. In the past figuring out the amount of each macro that is needed could be difficult; however, today it is a simple as searching it on google or downloading an app such as MyFitnessPal.

This knowledge, paired with a moderate amount of exercise to tone body muscle, makes for an easy recipe to a great summer body. Talk about a yummy idea.